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Body

Habitat

Food

Life Cycle

Fun Facts

Body

Corals are sea invertebrates.
They can be hard or soft.
Their colorful bodies
are shaped like tubes.
Corals range in length
from .25 to 12 inches
(.6 to 31 centimeters).

Habitat

Corals live in the sunny,
shallow waters
of warm seas. They attach
themselves to the seafloor
or to a coral reef.
Corals live together
in colonies.

Food

Around their mouths, corals
have fingerlike tentacles.
They use their tentacles
to sting small fish
and other sea animals.
Corals pull their prey
inside their bodies.

Life Cycle

Some corals begin as eggs.
Others grow from the body
of an adult coral.
When a coral dies, it leaves
its skeleton behind,
adding to the coral reef.

Fun Facts

  • Australia's Great Barrier
    Reef is 1,200 miles
    (1,900 kilometers) long.
  • A single coral is called
    a polyp.
  • Corals turn white
    when they die.

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